Ra is the ancient Egyptian deity of the sun. By the Fifth Dynasty, he had become one of the most important gods in ancient Egyptian religion, identified primarily with the sun. Ra was believed to rule in all parts of the created world. He was the god of the sun, order, kings, and the sky.
The Egyptian god of mummification and the afterlife as well as the patron god of lost souls and the helpless was known as Anubis. He is one of the oldest gods of Egypt, who most likely developed from the earlier (and much older) jackal god Wepwawet with whom he is often confused.