Baboons have played many different roles in ancient Egyptian religion and society. There is an image of a baboon representing King Namer, suggesting the transformation of the king into a baboon, as part of a rejuvenation festival.
However, the most important thing about baboons is their divine association with Ra, the great sun god. There are several artistic portrayals of baboons worshiping the sun with arms raised up or holding a solar symbol. Moreover, from the time of the New Kingdom, we see more and more temple statues of baboons appearing. One of the most significant examples is the giant baboon sculptures found in Hermpolis created during the region of Amenhotep III. By the Late and Graeco-Roman Periods, various primates were found buried in the necropolises, suggesting that they continued to grow in significance and importance throughout the centuries.